The sub-region is known for being flat and un-surging especially Adjumani and Obongi districts with numerous wild bushes that occupy the vast piece of unutilized land, thus at the border of Acholi, the Zoka forest and Yumbe. However as known, Moyo district is hilly with potential sites of stream water systems that extent supplies to the Town and metu sub-county. At the pre – post colonial eras, the Madi like other tribes in Uganda, were agrarian communities. Their economy is based on subsistence farming in which, the main crops are cassava, sweet potatoes, groundnuts, maize and sorghums therefore, these were/are meant to forestall starvation alongside rearing smaller herds of animals. Although early 1960s, the tilling of tobacco and cotton were introduced as cash crops, but these disappeared save for other districts of Yumbe, Koboko, Maracha, Terego and Arua.