The sub-region’s development context is designed by the national political history of Uganda which from the colonial period has been patched by different forms of governance. There has been emphasis on either centralized or decentralized form of governance in Uganda, this pied from one political regime to another or even within the same regime. The post-independence Uganda experienced policy change from decentralization (1962-1966), centralization (1967-1985) and then back to decentralization (1986) to present. According to the provisions, the 1995 Constitution and subsequent local government Act (Cap 243) gave impetus and legal backing for the decentralized local governance in Uganda. Article 176 (1) stipulates that: “The system of local government in Uganda shall be based on the district as a unit under which there shall be such lower local governments and administrative units as Parliament may by law provide”. Similarly Article 176 (2) (b) specifies that, “decentralization shall be the principle applying to all local government and in particular, from higher to lower local government units to ensure people’s participation and democratic control in decision making”. Nevertheless, the arguments that decentralization policy aimed at extending services nearer with over 90% central government programmes and supports that account for development and recurrent budget unfortunately didn’t soundly tackle challenges related to youths, children and other vulnerable aspects.